Pathology and Diagnosis 

Pathology is a branch of medical science that majorly deals in the nature, cause and origin of diseases. It primarily involves the examination of organs, fluids, and autopsies in order to diagnose diseases. 

A pathologist is a medical doctor with specialization in pathology who examines bodies and body tissues, performs lab tests. A pathologist helps other healthcare providers reach diagnosis and is an important member of the treatment team. At present, pathology can be divided into eight main specific areas depending on the types of methods used or types of diseases examined.

General Pathology : General pathology investigates a complex and broad field that involves the study of the mechanisms behind the cell and tissue injury. 

Anatomical Pathology : This branch of pathology involves study and diagnosis of illness through microscopic analysis of fluids, tissues and at times the entire body or an autopsy. 

Clinical Pathology : Chemical Pathology or Biochemistry deals in examination and study of blood, urine and tissue samples to diagnose diseases. 

Genetics : This field of pathology deals in performing tests on chromosomes, biochemical markers and DNA in order to detect genetic illness. 

Hematology : This field of pathology is concerned with various diseases that affect the blood, including bleeding disorders, anemia and clotting problems. 

Immunology : This branch of pathology deals with various immune diseases which they establish through immune function tests to diagnose if a patient is suffering from any allergies and what are the types of allergies he/she is suffering from as well as checks for various auto-immune diseases.  

Microbiology : This branch of pathology is concerned with diseases caused by pathogenic agents, such as bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites.